Effect of Catalysts H2SO4 8% and Baggase Ratio on Yield of Furfural with Hydrolysis Method Using Microwaves

Adhiksana, Arief and Fitri, Ayu Chandra Kartika and Siniwi, Vini Kumara Lalita and Fitri, Medya Ayunda Effect of Catalysts H2SO4 8% and Baggase Ratio on Yield of Furfural with Hydrolysis Method Using Microwaves. Jurnal Teknik Kimia Dan Lingkungan, Politeknik Negeri Malang.

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The sugar cane bagasse contains 12.7% pentosan. The relatively high pentosan content in the sugar cane bagasse can be used as the raw material of furfural production by utilizing the hydrolysis process. This research aims to determine the effects of ratio variations of bagasse and H2SO4 catalyst on the yield of furfural obtained from the hydrolysis process using a microwave. The sugar cane bagasse was added with H2SO4 8% as catalyst with a variations ratio of sugar cane bagasse and H2SO4 catalyst that is 1:20, 1:30, 1:40, 1:50, and 1:60 in a microwave with the reaction temperature of 100oC and reaction time of 75 minutes. The sample was analyzed qualitatively with a color test by using aniline-acetic as the reactant. After the aniline-acetic was added to the sample, the color of the sample changed from bright yellow to red as a sign that the sample contains furfural. The obtained furfural was analyzed to find out the yield of furfural by using Gas Chromatography (GC). The research product showed that the best yield of furfural on the ratio of bagasse and H2SO4 catalyst of 1:30 is 0.28%. Keywords: sugar cane bagasse, sulfuric acid, furfural, hydrolysis, microwave.

Item Type: Other
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Depositing User: Ayu Chandra Kartika Fitri
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2023 09:47
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2023 09:47
URI: http://repository.unitri.ac.id/id/eprint/2924

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